List of Edible Mushrooms in British Columbia
IN PROGRESS. THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE.
"Edibility" is highly relative.
Match all identifying features. Use multiple sources. Consult an expert.
Generally Safe 😊 Edible for most. Gastric upset or allergic reactions are rare. Few poisonous lookalikes.
Caution ⚠️ Edible for most. Gastric upset or adverse reactions for a significant minority. Specific preparation requirements. Some similar poisonous lookalikes.
Not Recommended 😭 Edible for some, or edibility is debated. Gastric upset is common. Suspected toxicity. Poisonous lookalikes are common or hard to distinguish.
Note: No mushroom is completely "safe". Hunt, identify and consume all mushrooms with caution! Read Our Mushroom Safety Guide.
Cantharellus sp. (Chanterelles)
Cantharellus cascadensis (Cascades Chanterelle) 😊
Cantharellus formosus (Pacific Golden Chanterelle) 😊
Cantharellus subalbidus (White Chanterelle) 😊
Cantharellus cibarius var. roseocanus (Rainbow Chanterelle) 😊
Morchella sp. (Morels)
Morchella esculentoides or americana (Western Yellow Morel) ⚠️
Morchella tomentosa (Burn or Fire Morel, Black Stocking, Black Foot, Fuzzy Foot Morel) ⚠️
Morchella brunnea (Natural Black Morel, Western Black Morel) ⚠️
Morchella rufobrunnea (Blushing Morel) ⚠️
Morchella importuna (Landscape Morel) ⚠️
Morchella populiphila (Western Half-Free or Semi-Free Morel) ⚠️
Source: For More Information on Morel Species in Western North America and the Pacific Northwest.
False morels can be deadly poisonous
Morels should always be cooked before being eaten. They should also be cooked in a well-ventilated area as they give off toxic fumes.
Chicken of the woods is known to cause gastric upset in some. Eat only the softest outer portion of the fruiting body.
Hericium erinaceus (Lion's Mane) 😊
Hericium coralloides (Coral Tooth), formerly Hericium ramosum 😊
Hericium abietis (Bear's Head, Western Coral Hedgehog) 😊
Sparassis radicata (Cauliflower Mushroom) 😊
Note: Sparassis crispa is the European variety
Hydnum sp. (Hedgehog Mushrooms)
Hydnum repandum (Sweet Tooth) 😊
Hydnum umbilicatum (Belly Button) 😊
Agaricus campestris (Field Mushroom) 😭
Agaricus arvensis (Horse Mushroom) 😭
Agaricus silvicola (Wood Mushroom) 😭
Agaricus augustus (The Prince) ⚠️
Craterellus (neo)tubaeformus (Yellow Foot, Winter Chanterelle, Trumpet Chanterelle) ⚠️
Craterellus lutescens (Yellow Foot, Winter Chanterelle, Trumpet Chanterelle) ⚠️
Craterellus cornucopioides (Black Chanterelle, Black Trumpet, Horn of Plenty, Trumpet of the Dead) ⚠️?
Pollyozellus multiplex (Black Chanterelle, Blue Chanterelle) 😊
Chlorophyllum sp. (Shaggy Parasol)
Chlorophyllum rhacodes (or rachodes), formerly Macrolepiota rhacodes 😭
Chlorophyllum olivieri 😭
Chlorophyllum brunneum 😭
Gomphidius subroseus (Rosy Gomphidius) 😊
Gomphidius glutinosus (Slimy Spike Cap) 😊
Gomphus clavatus (Pig's Ears) 😊
Lactarius deliciosus (Saffron Milk Cap) 😊
Lactarius rubrilacteus (Bleeding Milk Cap) 😊
Extra care should be taken not to confuse pine/matsutake mushrooms with the poisonous Smith's amanita (Amanita smithiana).
Note: Some recent concerns raised about potential toxicity.
Boletus edulis (Cep, Porcini, Penny Bun, King Bolete) ⚠️
(Aureo)Boletus mirabilis (Admirable Bolete, Bragger's Bolete, Velvet Top) ⚠️
Xerocomellus zelleri, also Boletus zelleri (Zeller's Bolete) ⚠️
Boletes and other polypores (Suillus, Leccinum, etc.) are generally hard to distinguish and some varieties can cause severe gastric upset. Naming conventions and classifications are still being settled.
Suillus luteus (Slippery Jack) ⚠️
Suillus grevillei (Larch Bolete) ⚠️️
Suillus lakei (Matte Jack, Western Painted Suillus)⚠️
Most Suillus mushrooms are considered edible, although the slime on their caps can cause diarrhea when eaten fresh.
Marasmius oreades (Fairy Ring Mushroom) ⚠️
While puffballs are usually quite easy to identify, care should be taken not to confuse them with poisonous amanita mushrooms that are still encased in their volva.
Vascellum pratense (meadow puffball)
Laccaria laccata (Deceiver, common laccaria)
Laccaria amethysteo-occidentalis (amethyst laccaria)
Lyophyllum decastes (fried chicken, clustered domecap) other L. multiceps, clitocybe multiceps, tricholoma aggregatum
Russula brevipes (short-stemmed russula, stubby brittlegill
Russula cascadensis (cascade russula)
xerampelina Shrimp Russula